Croatian Inventions That Are Used Around the World
Inspired with headlines about solar bench that these days fill the newspaper columns, I decided to do an article about the Croatian inventions, both for Croatia and for the world, very important.
Let’s start from the last.
Present Day in Croatian Inventions
Croats can be proud on students and young scientists. Among them there are a large number of those who are with its technological innovations, which are now an indispensable part of everyday life, beat foreign competition.
Solar bench is futuristic product which is solar powered, and the invention is of young Solinian (the place near Split) Ivan Mrvos. Bench with four USB ports on the side allows you to charge four mobile phone or tablet. “Smart Bench” includes a series of sensors that can read some of the smart devices. For example, to orient themselves using the GPS, a local weather forecast, current temperature and the like. A bench is also possible to connect with a local wireless computer network (Wi-Fi point) and thus allows users to simultaneously charge the device and internet use. Clever bench at night lights up and becomes a decorative lighting.
Umbrella That Cannot be Lost
Team of young people from Rijeka was invented a special umbrella that cannot be lost.
Rijeka has become one of the rainy cities in Europe so the smart umbrella becomes a revolution for the citizens of Rijeka. Since in the umbrella is embedded Bluetooth device, the application immediately sends a message and alerts the owner that he left behind an umbrella.
Besides being invented, this umbrella is manufactured in Croatia. His popularity is growing day by day so already sold in 27 countries and 105 cities worldwide.
The Electric Car, Electric Bike, iGlove and Active Mirror System
Mate Rimac is the most awarded young Croatian innovator. He is the creator of the first electric car that is manufactured in Croatia, as well as electric bicycles, a first invention was patented back in the age of 17 years. It all began when he for his senior work in high mechatronic school developed iGlove – a replacement for the keyboard and mouse. Thanks to iGlove and Active Mirror System – the system for removing acute angle in the car picked up a number of international awards. After the electric car Concept One, which was presented at the largest auto show in 2011 – IAA in Frankfurt, Rimac has produced a electric bike which was launched in London in 2014.
Wireless Transmission of Electricity
For the wireless transmission of electricity is credited, among others, another Croatian scientist with US addresses, Marin Soljacic. Thanks to Soljacic, who heads the group of scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, soon would be all electrical devices, such as laptops and mobile phones, could recharge energy without wires and cables.
The first version of the device is made in a German institute and was faulty, and the first MP3 player that is actually worked is invention of a former student from Zagreb, Tomislav Uzelac. He was in 1997 constructed a device that was recognized by American students Justin Frankel and Dmitry Boldyrev and they are adapted it to the Windows operating system.
Maglite is a brand of flashlight manufactured in the United States by Mag Instrument, Inc. located in Ontario, California, and founded by Ante Maglica.
Which Croatian Inventions are Changed the World?
Who makes the Croatian scientific elite and where are the people of Croatian origin, whose inventions still change the world?
Valium or Apaurin
One of the lesser known, but no less valuable scientist who during the 20th century made pills Valium or Apaurin, is a Croatian doctor of chemical sciences Franjo Kajfez. He was a member of the New York Academy of Sciences and founder of the production technology of vitamin C, he was patented 88 inventions and wrote more than 150 works.
Azithromycin or Sumamed
Therapeutic treatment of bacterial infections today are mostly solves with SUMAMED – chemical compound of azithromycin which in 1980 discovered by Pliva scientists Slobodan Djokic, Gorjana Radoboja-Lazarevski, Zrinka Tamburasev and Gabriel Kobrehel. Today Sumamed is one of the most commonly used antibiotics worldwide.
The versatile scientist Leonardo da Vinci was sketched a spacecraft, but Croatian genius Faust Vrancic managed to make a parachute and fly with it successfully. In 1917 on the rectangular frame, Vrancic was attached the cloth and from the tower in Venice jumped to show that his invention works. Even though we now call the parachute, Vrancic his invention called the Latin word “homo Volans”, which means “flying man”.
Penkala or Pen
Although originally not a Croat, Eduard Penkala after graduation with their families moved to Zagreb, where he created his greatest inventions and Croatia accepted as their own country. He was engaged in physics, mechanics, aviation and chemistry, and his most famous invention are certainly a fountain pen and mechanical pencil, which is named after him pen name. The first such pen patented in 1906, and since then its popularity has not declined at all. Some of his inventions are thermos flask, laundry detergent and pocket flashlight batteries.
Nikola Tesla was born in 1856 in Smiljan, Croatia. His father was a priest in the Serbian Orthodox church and his mother managed the family’s farm.
Nikola Tesla had shaped the future of humanity. He was one of the greatest geniuses who had ever walked this planet. About Nikola Tesla cannot write in short, because all short leaves out many important. He invented the first rotating magnetic field and made the first practical engine for alternating current. He moved in 1884 in the US, where after three years had his own laboratory where he invented more than 300 patents and many more inventions that never patented.
The most important and best known is the polyphase system of alternating current. He also invented the rotating magnetic field, induction motor, synchronous motor and the Tesla transformer.
Tesla is also the man who made the first hydropower plant in Niagara Falls to prove the world that this type of electricity has a practical energy source.
Have you ever wondered who invented the remote control? Tesla! Modern electric motor? Tesla! Wireless communication? Tesla! Laser? Tesla! Unlimited amount of electricity? Tesla! Radio? Tesla! Wireless transmission el. energy? Tesla! Tesla even played a role in the creation of robotics, and this is only a small number of his inventions that shaped the future in which we live today!
He was nominated for the Nobel Prize, which he never received.
Tie or Cravat
Croatian are invented the tie. Its popularity began in the 17th century when many European soldiers and knights arrived at the Paris court to express support for the ruler Louis XIII. Among them they were Croats, and the Parisians was impressed by their traditional garb, notably headscarves tied around his neck in a specific way. Since then, the tie has become one of the finest fashion accessories in the world, thanks to the Croatian tradition that stunned the world.