General Info About Croatia
In continuing read a couple of basic facts and general info about Croatia. We hope that your stay in Croatia will be safe and that you’ll return to your home happy with a smile on your face, thinking of re-return to Croatia.
Croatia is small and oddly shaped country. Her shape, in itself, looking something like an artifact, which is the result of a turbulent history, while at the same time demonstrating that she belongs to three geographical and indeed cultural European entities. Northern Croatia is the land of the Pannonia plains, while her southern part extends along the shores of the Mediterranean, or rather, along one of its most beautiful bays, the Adriatic basin.
Croatia consists of: lakes and hills in the continental north and northeast (central Croatia and Slavonia as part of the Pannonia Basin); forested mountains in Lika and Gorski Kotar, belonging to the Dinara mountain range; a rocky shore along the Adriatic coastline (Istria, Littoral Croatia, and Dalmatia).
Croatia has 122 towns and cities and 416 municipalities. Major cities and towns: Zagreb (capital), Split, Trogir, Dubrovnik, Rijeka, Osijek, Zadar, Karlovac, Pula, Sisak, Knin, Gospic, Sibenik, Slavonski Brod, Mali Losinj, Vukovar, and others. There are 8 National Parks: Brijuni, Kornati, Krka, Mljet, Paklenica, Plitvička Jezera, Risnjak, and Sjeverni Velebit. Nature Parks in the Republic of Croatia include: Biokovo, Kopacki Rit, Lonjsko Polje, Medvednica, Papuk, Telascica, Velebit, Vransko Jezero, Ucka, and Zumberak – Samoborsko Gorje, Lastovo and surrounding islands.
In the interior of Croatia, the climate is temperate and continental; the mountainous regions have a semi-highland and highland climate, littoral regions have a Mediterranean climate (with warm, dry summers and wet, mild winters), and in the hinterland, the climate is sub-Mediterranean (with slightly colder winters and warmer summers).
The average temperature in the interior in January is 0°C-2°C and 19°C23°C in August. Temperatures in Littoral Croatia in January range from 6-11°C and from 21-29°C in August.
There is an average of 2.600 hours of sunshine annually, making the Adriatic coast one of the sunniest on the Mediterranean. Sea temperatures in summer range from 22-25°C.
There is a total of 4275 species and 1072 subspecies of flora in Croatia. According to the total number of species per land area, Croatia ranks third in Europe.
According to the census from 2001, Croatia has 4, 437, 460 inhabitants. The official language is Croatian.
This beautiful 5790 km of coastline is one of the most indented coastlines in the world.
The islands of Croatia, 1244 in all, include almost all the islands along the east and central coast of the Adriatic and are the second largest group of islands in the Mediterranean.
The Adriatic is mostly a shallow sea. North of Pula it rarely exceeds 50 m and 100 m north of Zadar.
Salinity is 38‰, which is higher than the world average.
The Adriatic is a relatively warm sea – temperatures vary from 22°C to 25°C in summer and from 5°C to 15°C in winter. The change in tides is not extreme.
The Croatian coast of the Adriatic Sea is considered the cleanest sea in Europe.
Frequent winds include Bura, a cold northerly wind, Jugo, a south wind with high precipitation, and Maestral, a cool north-westerly wind alleviating summer heat.
Practical facts for visiting Croatia
Currency: Croatian kuna. 1 Kuna is equal to 100 lipa. You can find foreign currency exchange centers throughout all cities and towns. Currency exchange is also provided in banks, some post offices as well as some tourist agencies.
Denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 come in paper form. There are 100 Lipa per Kuna which come in coin form in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50. The 1, 2 and 5 Kuna can also come in coins.
You’ll get the same Croatia exchange rate in any bank or exchange office.
Credit cards (Mastercard, Visa, American Express and Diners) are accepted in almost all hotels, marinas, restaurants, shops and cash machines.
Dialing codes: Dial +385 for Croatia.
Electrical capacity: 220 V, 50 Hz voltage with continental two-pin plugs.
Identification: Photo ID should be carried at all times.
Healthcare: Croatia has been rated as having good healthcare, and UK/EU residents usually will only pay a percentage for any services.
Time Zone: Dubrovnik is one hour ahead of GMT and observes daylight saving time.
Visa: UK and EU residents, as well as those from the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, can visit Croatia without a visa for up to 90 days
Tap water is safe to drink in all of Croatia!