Vukovar – A City of Heroes and Bloody Past
VUKOVAR! I deliberately wrote it in capital letters. I deliberately yelling its name. Intentionally and deliberately, at this time, I am writing about Vukovar. November is a month when we, Croats, every day think about this city.
So, what is Vukovar for Croats?
You’ll hardly decide to go on a weekend break to Vukovar such as you’ll easily decide to go to a small town on the coast.
Here comes those who sympathize with the victims of the Homeland War and thus they’ll honor the victims of the war.
At Wikipedia you’ll easily find information about Vukovar that talks about the great battle for the city, that talks about how this is the largest and bloodiest battle of the entire Homeland War, that talks about how it was an 87-day siege of the city, about how the battle ended with the large defeat of the Croatian army, large destruction of the city, numerous murders and the persecution of the Croatian population.
In that battle, the lives lost between 2,900 and 3,600 persons,
and attacks peaked in November when in some days over the city fell up to 11,000 grenades.
And it is better so.
This is the largest and bloodiest battle since World War II.
Unfortunately, due to the sad recent history of Vukovar and its tourist attractions are facing in that direction. As I said earlier, you’ll not choose this city if you want a runaway party, you’ll not choose Vukovar if you want excitement, you’ll choose this city as a by-pass if you are in Osijek or somewhere in Slavonia and you’ll spend a most of one day in it. Damn, because Vukovar is a lot more than that.
The Town of Vukovar
The town of Vukovar is an old baroque town on the Danube, most famous for its terrible destruction during the Homeland War. To date, largely restored but the history of Vukovar goes back further, to the early 13th century.
The center of the Old Vukovar is recognizable by houses with baroque arches
built-in typical style of Maria Theresa.
Once these were craft workshops and shops that eloquently speak of the economic power
of the wealthier layers of Vukovar citizens.
At the same time, with the recognizable baroque construction of Old Vukovar during the 18th century, with the remarkable stylistic distinction, the space of New Vukovar is being developed. Most of the buildings in that part of the city on the left bank of River Vuka bear the marks of pure and restrained late baroque classicism. The Baroque ensemble so far has remained the dominant stylistic layer of historic city, with many architectural monuments of an extremely high artistic and environmental value.
Museum of Vucedol Culture
For Vukovar is a particularly significant Vucedol culture which is named after the site Vucedol, located five kilometers downstream on the Danube. The Vucedol Pigeon was found in 1938 and became a symbol of the city that you can easily buy in souvenirs as well. Also, just as much significance as Vucedol Pigeon has Vucedol Orion, which is considered the oldest European calendar.
Thus, the Museum of Vucedol Culture
is one of many and unavoidable tourist offerings of the town.
In the Vukovar region are many archaeological sites from the Bronze Age, and Iron Age, which testifies the life of the Illyrians and Celts.
The Memorial Cemetery
This is after the Second World War the largest mass grave in European areas.
The white crosses were placed in memory of lives lost during the horrible terror and occupation of the city.
Ovcara Memorial Center
Ovcara Memorial Center was opened on November 20, 2006, in a hangar where were those who were killed spent their last hours of life.
Water Tower is during the Homeland War
been destroyed with around 600 hits,
and its wounds are still visible.
Vukovar Water Tower was built at the end of the sixties, last century. Its height reaches 50 meters and was among the highest in Europe. Before the beginning of the Homeland War in Croatia, on the water tower was built a restaurant with a lookout point on the Danube River and city.
Vukovar City Museum
The centerpiece of the Baroque Eltz Castle began to build Count Anselm Casimir Eltz around 1750 and is fully built, in the early 20th century thanks to the Viennese architect Siedeka.
In the end,
you’ll not find a party here, you’ll not find the luxury here,
but you’ll find people with the greatest heart, humanity, and courage,
and you’ll find selflessness and hope for better tomorrow.
We all have to believe in a better tomorrow and pray for peace, so things like this do not happen anywhere in the world.