Croatia is famous for its beautiful landscapes, endless blue sea, and various gastronomic delicacies and specialties. In addition to natural beauties, there are numerous sights and inventions that Croats have designed and used today as well as around the world. I’ll bring you twenty Croatia facts that are fun and interesting.
1. Hum in Istria is the smallest city in the world with only 20 inhabitants.
2. The Ston Walls, 5.5 km long, are the longest preserved fortification system in the world after the Chinese Wall.
3. Croatia has the most cultural and historical heritage under UNESCO protection (first place is shared with Spain) and the highest number of intangible assets under the protection of UNESCO of all European countries, including lace, gingerbread making, and carving wooden toys.
4. Even 10 percent of Croatia is protected. This area covers 11 nature parks, eight national parks, and two strict reserves.
5. Clapboard singing is under the protection of UNESCO.
6. Zadar has the first organ in the world that plays the sea.
7. The oldest city in Europe is located in Croatia, called Vinkovci, which has been inhabited for eight thousand years.
8. Diocletian’s Palace in Split has a genuine Egyptian sphinx (older than 4000 years) thanks to Emperor Diocletian, which he brought from Egypt to decorate the entrance to his tomb.
9. To spread the map of the world, the place Ludbreg would be at its very center.
10. With towers reaching 108 meters, the cathedral in Zagreb is the tallest building in Croatia (so far 🙂 )
11. Dubrovnik is one of the first medieval cities in Europe that had a sewage system that is still used today.
12. King Tomislav was the first Croatian king. It was crowned 925.
13. Dalmatian, a very old breed of dog, was named after Dalmatia in Croatia.
14. Croatia enjoys 2,715 sunny hours a year, and this is more than in Sydney, Australia.
15. The cravat is a Croatian invention.
16. The oldest university in Croatia is the University of Zagreb, founded in 1669.
17. Marko Polo is from the island of Korcula, where his house still exists.
18. The Amphitheater in Pula is one of the best preserved amphitheaters in the world and the third largest in the world.
19. In 1960, the National Park of Paklenica “played” the American Wild West in 11 films on „Winnetou“. Also, „Fiddler on the Roof,” „Sophie’s Choice,” “Star Wars,” „Dr. Who”, “Game of Thrones”, and „Mamma Mia 2“ are just some of the celebrities of cinema and audiovisual works recorded in Croatia.
20. Croatia is the fourth country in the world for alcohol consumption.